VMware NSX Installation Part 10 – Create NSX Logical Switch

A cloud deployment or a virtual data center has a variety of applications across multiple tenants. These applications and tenants require isolation from each other for security, fault isolation, and avoiding overlapping IP addressing issues. The NSX logical switch creates logical broadcast domains or segments to which an application or tenant virtual machine can be logically wired. The logical switch is nothing but a distributed port group on the distributed switch. The logical switch can expand distributed switches by being associated with a port group in each distributed switch.The NSX controller is the central control point for all logical switches within a network and maintains information of all virtual machines, hosts, logical switches, and VXLANs. A logical switch is mapped to a unique VXLAN, which encapsulates the virtual machine traffic and carries it over the physical IP network.

Below is my Lab topology for Logical Switching. I am going to create a Logical switch called “Web-Tier” and attach the 2 Virtual Machines “Web-Svr-1” & “Web-Svr-2” into the created logical switch. This Logical Switch will allow the communication between these 2 Virtual Machines in different cluster without having actual physical subnet configured at Physical network layer. For both VM’s , configured IP address is in “172.16.10.x” network and ESXi hosts are in the subnet “192.168.10.x”.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -1Create Logical Switch:

To create the logical Switch , Login to Web Client ->Networking & Security -> Logical Switches -> + symbol to add new logical switch

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -2

Provide the Name and Description for New Logical Switch. Select the Transport Zone which we have created in the previous step. Select the replication mode as same which you have configured for “VXLAN-Global-Transport” Transport Zone. I have selected “Unicast” mode. Click on Ok to create the new logical switch.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -3 New Logical Switch called “Web-Tier” is created. Which is assigned with VNI number “5000”.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -4

As we Discussed earlier, Logical switch is nothing but a Distributed Port Group in your DvSwitches. When you create a Logical Switch, It will create DvPortgroup in all the associated dvSwitches which are part of the Clusters connected in the Global Transport Zone. So I have created a Logical Switch Called “Web-Tier”. I can see the PortGroups “VXW-dvs-53-virtualwire-2-sid-5000-web-Tier” is created in my both distributed switches.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -4Associate Virtual Machines to Logical Switch:

Once Logical switches are created, We need to associate the workloads (Virtual machines) with the logical switch created in the previous steps. Click on VM symbol to associate the virtual machines to this Logical Switch “Web-Tier”

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -4-1

Select the Virtual Machines from the list to associate with this logical switch (Web-Tier). I have associated the above 2 VM’s from different cluster  into this logical switch. Click on Next.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -5

For Multi-Nic VM’s, You can even select the specific vNic to connect to this Logical Switch (Web-Tier). My both VM’s are having only 1 vNic. Select the vNics and Click on Next.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -6

Review the Settings selected and Click on Finish.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -7

 Simple Ping Test to prove the NSX Logical Switching:

Web-svr-1 – 172.168.10.11 (esxi-comp-01)

Web-svr-2 -172.16.10.12 (esxi-comp-02)

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -9

My ping to the VM “Web-svr-2” (172.16.10.12) from the VM “web-svr-1” (172.169.10.11) is success and I am receiving the ICMP reply for the ping request. This both VM’s are running in different hosts/Clusters but still my ping between the VM’s on the same logical switch is working well with the help of VXLAN.

VMware NSX-Logical Switch Creation -10

When “web-svr-1” communicates to “web-svr-2”, it communicates over VXLAN transport network. When the  VM communicates and the switch looks up the MAC address of Web-svr-2. the host is aware in its ARP/MAC/VTEP tables pushed to it by the NSX Controller where this VM resides. It is forwarded out into the VXLAN transport network. It is encapsulated within a VXLAN header and routed to the destination host based on the knowledge of the source host. Upon reaching the destination host the VXLAN header is stripped of and the preserved internal IP packet and frame continues to the host.

That’s it. We are done with Logical Switching. I hope you are clear with the concepts of NSX Logical Switch. We will discuss about Distributed Logical routing in upcoming posts. I hope this is informative for you. Thanks for Reading!!!. Be Social and share it in social media, if you feel worth sharing it.

Other VMware NSX Related Posts:

VMware NSX Installation Part 1 – NSX Overview & Installation Prerequistes

VMware NSX Installation Part 2 – NSX Lab Design & Deploying NSX Manager

VMware NSX Installation Part 3 – Integrating NSX Manager with vCenter Server

VMware NSX Installation Part 4 – Deploying NSX Controller

VMware NSX Installation Part 5 – Checking NSX Controller Status

VMware NSX Installation Part 6 – Preparing Cluster and Hosts for NSX

VMware NSX Installation Part 7 – Verify NSX VIBs Installation from ESXi hosts

VMware NSX Installation Part 8 – Configuring VXLAN on the ESXi Hosts

VMware NSX Installation Part 9 -Create Segment ID and Transport Zones

VMware NSX Installation Part 10 – Create NSX Logical Switch

VMware NSX Installation Part 11 – Creating Distributed Logical Router

VMware NSX – Backup & Restore VMware NSX Manager Data

VMware NSX – Unable to Delete/Remove NSX Logical Switch

VMware NSX – How to Manually Install NSX VIBS on ESXi Host

VMware NSX – How to Manually Remove NSX VIBs from ESXi Host?

How to Remove NSX (Network & Security) Extension from vSphere Web Client